据福州晚报报道,前不久,福州65岁的严依伯在儿子严先生的搀扶下,来到福州市第一总医院急诊科就诊。事发当天,严依伯满脸红肿,全是疹子,眼睛被挤成了一条线。

急诊科马上组织医护人员对其开展药物过敏性休克抢救治疗,随后转入重症监护室住院治疗,7天后,才好转出院。

而这一切,竟是由于老人在感冒后吃了一颗——阿莫西林。

这不是“家庭常备消炎药”吗?

哪些情况可以吃?

哪些情况不能吃?

打开搜索框

发现大家都有一样的困惑

天美娱乐-天美娱乐平台-天美娱乐登陆-天美娱乐注册-天美娱乐官网注册

在不少人的认知当中,阿莫西林就是消炎药,很多人不管是感冒发烧头痛,还是身体其他部位出现了炎症,都会自行服用阿莫西林,导致阿莫西林滥用现象严重。

其实,阿莫西林不是消炎药,它只对6种病症有效。

阿莫西林不是消炎药

真正的消炎药只有2种

消炎药是指消除身体炎症反应的药物,包括甾体类药物(糖皮质激素)、非甾体类药物(布洛芬等常见止痛药),阿莫西林不是消炎药。

甾体类抗炎药

主要为糖皮质激素,这一类抗炎药的作用是非常复杂的,并且随着剂量的不同而发生变化,它不仅可以影响体内蛋白质,脂肪和糖类物质的代谢,还具有非常有效的抗炎作用。

在急性炎症的早期,糖皮质激素可以通过收缩血管而减少局部的血管充血,同时又能够抑制白细胞的免疫反应,减少体内各种炎症相关的介质的释放,改善炎症的症状。

甾体类抗炎药除了能够达到消炎的效果之外,还能够起到抗过敏、抗休克等效果,作用非常广泛。

非甾体类消炎药

非甾体类的消炎药主要就是非类固酮激素类的,生活中最常见的这一类消炎药就是布洛芬了,对于红肿热痛都有一定的效果。

这一类药物可以针对消肿抗炎,如关节炎、肌腱炎等,从本质上来说,当人体出现了细胞炎症,它就可以帮助人们消炎。而一般名字当中含有菌、酶、沙星类的药物都属于抗生素类的药物。

阿莫西林是一种抗生素

只对6种病症有效

阿莫西林属于常见的半合成青霉素类广谱β-内酰胺类抗生素,服用后可以穿透细胞膜,达到杀菌的效果(抗生素主要是抑制和杀灭微生物)。

所以阿莫西林并不是消炎药,而是一种抗生素,可以起到杀菌的效果,对于普通炎症是没有任何效果的!

阿莫西林主要对6种疾病有效↓

耳鼻喉感染

中耳炎、鼻窦炎等,对过敏性鼻炎无效;

泌尿生殖道感染

尿道炎、细菌性阴道炎等,对霉菌性阴道炎无效;

皮肤感染

皮肤组织化脓等,对真菌、病毒感染的皮肤病无效;

下呼吸道感染

急性支气管炎、肺炎等,对病毒性肺炎无效;

幽门螺杆菌感染

不止需要阿莫西林,需要3或4种抗生素同时用药;

急性单纯性淋病

阿莫西林服用注意事项

1、特殊人群应该避免服用阿莫西林,比如孕妇,哺乳期女性以及幼儿和老人等。

2、对阿莫西林过敏的人要注意不能服用,服用之前需要先咨询药物的过敏史,对青霉素或头孢菌素过敏的人群都不建议使用。

3、温水送服,水温超过60℃的话,阿莫西林容易产生致过敏的高聚物,增加过敏几率。

4、服用阿莫西林期间要禁止吃辛辣刺激的食物,比如辣椒,大蒜,芥末等,否则会降低药物的疗效。

5、如果在没有适应症的情况下使用阿莫西林,会导致耐药菌株的产生,耐药菌株一旦产生,等到真正需要使用阿莫西林的时候,就无法发挥疗效了

6、长期使用阿莫西林,容易发生二重感染。

7、不能随意停药,阿莫西林作为处方药,必须严格按照医生的要求用够疗程才能停药,否则病情将反复。

8、服用阿莫西林前后都不能饮酒。

Categories:

Tags:

16 Responses

  1. I just can’t believe that almost everything we get annoyed about in life matters.
    At all times put in thinking about the several things that
    people experience every working day has become really important, as
    no other man is going to face existence for any of us. I feel that people young and old must be a
    whkle lot more grounded. Research is terrific, nevertheless a llot
    of whatever we think about is indeed abstract. Having a cup of kava is a zen activity that brings one
    back to the present moment. We must be more in the here and now, without being stressed by our lifestyle and the drama wee confront every day.

  2. US Immigration Lawyer London (https://www.ravepartiescorp.com/) legislation largely focuses on the attaining and maintaining of authorized
    status in the United States. Opening in 2001, the Regulation Office of Brent Ok.

    Newcomb has been solely devoted to the observe of immigration and naturalization legislation. Are you
    able to get scammed by opening an email? Yes, you will get
    scammed by opening an e-mail. Scammers can use
    electronic mail to send phishing messages that attempt to trick you into giving them your personal data or infect your pc with malware.
    If a scammer has your email handle, they could ship you spam or phishing emails.
    They may sell your email deal with to other scammers. There are
    additionally many private Websites that contain info and recommendations on what to do if you suspect an Web
    or electronic mail scam. The positioning contains a large number of suggestions for avoiding particular scams.
    Site reminiscent of Scamdex and Hoax-Slayer are two
    examples. The site contains links to paperwork on the best way to report such crimes damaged down by the specific
    kind of fraud.

  3. The act formally eliminated de facto discrimination in opposition to Southern and Jap
    Europeans as well as Asians, in addition to different non-Western and Northern European ethnic groups from the US Immigration attorney
    (https://www.kenpoguy.com/) policy
    of the United States. One egg farm in the United States produces as
    many eggs as all the egg farms in Canada. Egg farms are highly regulated
    in Canada. Did you know that there are professionals who can enable
    you to navigate this troublesome and advanced course of?
    You would possibly know the stereotype, but you can test exactly how a lot you actually know about the average Canadian by taking this quiz!
    Scottish-born Canadian Angus MacAskill was 7 ft 9 in and the tallest recorded man who
    was not tall from a pathological reason. How tall is the typical Canadian man? The typical Canadian additionally uses social networking websites resembling Facebook and Twitter.
    The average Canadian withdraws $118 every time she or he makes use of
    the ATM, $236 on the bank teller, and $forty three as money again from some extent-of-sale buy.

    Water use has decreased from 90 gallons (342 liters) in 1991.
    Still, the average Canadian uses almost twice as
    much water as the common French individual. 20 gallons (76 liters).
    5 gallons (19 liters).

  4. Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog.
    Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but
    I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating
    my owwn but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any tips or suggestions?
    Thank you

    my blog: Maatapec Growkit

  5. I’m extremely impressed with your writing talents as well
    as with the structure for your blog. Is that this a paid subject or did you
    modify it yourself? Either way stay up the excellent quality writing,
    it’s uncommon to look a great weblog like this one today..

    Here is my blog post … GnuBoard

  6. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a forty
    foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.

    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

    Feel free to visit my website :: Free Classified Ads

  7. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to
    be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people think about worries
    that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out
    the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

    Also visit my web-site: xenforo (https://gmzpmerger.com)

  8. Hey there, You have done an incredible job.
    I will certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends.
    I’m confident they will be benefited from this web site.

    Here is my homepage :: PHP-Nuke

  9. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more
    than just your articles? I mean, what you
    say is important and everything. Nevertheless imagine if you added some great graphics
    or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with
    images and clips, this site could certainly be one of the best in its
    niche. Great blog!

    My web site NING

  10. May I just say what a relief to uncover an individual who genuinely knows
    what they are talking about over the internet.
    You certainly understand how to bring a problem to light and make
    it important. A lot more people must read this and understand this side of your story.
    It’s surprising you are not more popular since you most certainly possess the gift.

    Feel free to visit my blog post: vBulletin

  11. Hi there! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured
    I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe
    guest writing a blog post or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same
    topics as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you are interested feel free to send me an email. I look forward to hearing
    from you! Superb blog by the way!

    Review my blog post: smf; gmzpmerger.com,

  12. Hi there, I discovered your site by the use of Google at the
    same time as searching for a related topic, your website got here up, it looks good.
    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply become alert to your weblog via
    Google, and found that it is really informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate when you continue this in future.
    Lots of people will be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  13. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this website.

    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard to get that “perfect balance” between usability and visual appearance.

    I must say that you’ve done a excellent job with this.
    Also, the blog loads super fast for me on Internet explorer.
    Exceptional Blog!

发表回复

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用 * 标注